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The Four Basic Procedures of Metal Fabrication

Metal fabrication pertains to any procedure that cuts, forms, or molds metal material into a finished product. Rather than constructing an end product from prefabricated components, fabrication develops a final product from raw or semi-finished materials. There are numerous fabrication manufacturing procedures to choose from.

Metal fabrication is utilized to create both custom-made and stock items. Most custom metal fabrication items are made from various metals and alloys. To develop a brand-new product, metal fabricators usually start with stock metal components, including sheet metal, rods, billets, and bars.

What are the various types of metal fabrications?

Before a raw metal material can be utilized for manufacturing and assembly, it must undergo several metal fabrication procedures. While these procedures can vary according to the metal’s intended use, they are all used in various structural, industrial, and decorative applications.

Many fabrication procedures exist, and they are frequently integrated. These techniques include cutting, metal stamping, extrusion, and casting. Similarly, these manufacturing techniques are intended to emphasize the qualities of metal and demonstrate its application diversity.


Perhaps the most generally heard metal fabrication procedure is cutting, which includes splitting metal sheets into halves or smaller pieces. The metal being cut is brand new in several circumstances and has yet to be molded into anything specific. Pre-shaped metals, such as bars and measured panels, are sent for cutting in other applications. Different machinery is used to make the cuts, varying from simple lasers and plasma torches to much more complex, high-tech equipment. 


Punching isn’t the only metal fabrication procedure that uses a die. However, in other applications, the goal is not to create a hole but rather to lift a section of a metal sheet without penetrating it. Stamping is used to develop specific forms, letters, or images within a metal sheet. Like relief sculpting in wood or marble, metal stamping mimics this technique. 

Coins are a perfect example of stamping, where words, currency amounts, and presidents’ faces are stamped from each surface on pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters. If you want to know the costs of metal stamping for decorative items, you can discuss that with metal manufacturers to get your price estimate on the project.


As suggested by the procedure’s name, forming is when different metal parts are reshaped to create a new workpiece. Nothing is added or eliminated throughout this process, so the actual volume of metal will stay the same. This is most commonly performed using a brake press, which applies pressure on metal to create a crease. 

Other types of folding can be completed using a hammer and clamp bars that keep the metal in place. You may read articles online that address frequently asked questions regarding metal fabricators in Philadelphia, PA, and get insight into how these professionals do their work.


After the metal components are formed to the required shape, they must be assembled into the finished product. The separate parts are put together and typically kept in an area by clamps until they are fused. The pieces are bonded, screwed, riveted, or welded together. 

There are several kinds of welds, but the most regularly utilized is stick welding, which uses a welding gun to consistently feed a metal rod onto the joint, melting it with an electrical current. Suppose you need the service of a high value mechanical assembly company. In that case, you can visit reputable metal fabrication shops and learn how they can provide you with exceptional service for your business project.


There are many various metal fabrication processes that you’ve seen in this list, featuring cutting, stamping, forming, and assembling. As previously stated, these methods produce a wide range of metal components, and each one has a specific application. Although the list isn’t exhaustive, it should give you a clear concept of how vital the metalworking business is, not only for other sectors but also for daily life.

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